What are the Risk Factors for Angina?
The risk factors which may put a person at a risk of heart disease are:
Non modifiable risk factors
Age (>55 years) – As your age increases, your risk of heart disease increases
Family history of heart disease
Genetics – Indians get heart disease 15-20 years earlier than the western counterparts
Before menopause, women are at a lower risk than men. After menopause, men and women are at equal risk of heart disease.
Modifiable risk factors
Sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise
Diabetes & metabolic syndrome
High blood pressure
High Cholesterol ( high level of LDL & low level of HDL)
Obesity & weight gain
Tobacco smoking & consuming alcohol
Preventing heart disease starts as early as teenage years. But, it is not too late to start.
You should undergo a routine physical examination, BP, sugar and cholesterol check after the age of 40 years and then once in a year. You may also check ECG, other blood and urine tests as advised by your heart doctor. Your Cardiologist will advise you lifestyle changes, medications and interventions to keep your heart healthy.